Tirukkural, the great poetic work by saint Tiru Valluvar, embodies values that are ever relevant and unchanging. The greatest classic of the Tamil language, it dates back anywhere between 2 BC and 8 AD. It comprises two parts, ‘Tiru’ and ‘Kural’: ‘Tiru’ can mean sacred, as well as beautiful, and ‘Kural’ means concise. Brevity is the charm of this scriptural text with its terse and forcible verses like sutras or aphorisms.
About the Author – Tiru Valluvar
Tiru Valluvar stands on a high moral pedestal along with Patanjali, Shankara and Buddha. He lived about 2000 years ago in Tamil Nadu, and worked as a weaver to earn his living. According to legends, he was a man of intense cognizance, enlightment, free spirit and hard work.
Universal Ethical Content
The greatest value of Kural is its universal ethical content. The scripture is divided into three books: Virtue, Wealth and Love – consisting of 1330 couplets clustered in 133 chapters elucidating different aspects of human virtues or vices. In the first chapter of Virtue, God is portrayed as Universal in content transcending the marginal line of God being Hindu, Jain, Muslim or Christian. Kural‘s primary concern is with the whole world and according to Tiru Valluvar a man’s prosperity and adversity, heaven and hell, and his present and his future are products of his own actions.
To download full version of Tirukkural, click on the link below: